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Timothy Waters

Faculty bibliography for Professor Waters


Timothy William Waters

Professor of Law and Val Nolan Faculty Fellow; Associate Director, Center for Constitutional Democracy



THE MILOŠEVIĆ TRIAL: AN AUTOPSY (Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.


MONITORING THE EU ACCESSION PROCESS: JUDICIAL CAPACITY (edited with H. Mickevičius), New York: Open Society Institute, 2002.

MONITORING THE EU ACCESSION PROCESS: JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE (edited with H. Mickevičius), New York: Open Society Institute, 2001.


The Persecution of Stones: War Crimes, Law's Autonomy and the Co-optation of Cultural Heritage20 CHICAGO JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 62 (2019). [HeinOnline]

Whose Coercion Should We Prefer? Thinking about States, Law, and Violence in Secession Crisis, 32 CATALAN REVIEW 139 (2018).

Constructing Citizenship through War in the Human Rights Era11 HUMAN RIGHTS 85 (2017). [HeinOnline]

The Shaping Flame: Trials, Conflict and Reconciliation in Syria, 221/222 INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL 257 (2016).

For Freedom Alone: Secession after the Scottish Referendum, 44 NATIONALITIES PAPERS 124 (2016)

The Spear Point and the Ground Beneath: Territorial Constraints on the Logic of Responsibility to Protect30 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 314 (2016).

A World Elsewhere: Secession, Subsidiarity, and Self-Determination as European Values23 REVISTA D'ESTUDIS AUTONOMICS | FEDERALS 11 (2016).

Clearing the Path: The Perils of Positing Civil Society in Conflict and Transition, 48 ISRAEL LAW REVIEW 165 (2015). [HeinOnline]

Taking the Measure of Nations: Testing the Global Norm of Territorial Integrity33 WISCONSIN INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 563 (2015). [HeinOnline]

Misplaced Boldness: The Avoidance of Substance in the International Court of Justice's Kosovo Opinion23 DUKE JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE & INTERNATIONAL LAW 267 (2013). [HeinOnline]

Plucky Little Russia: Misreading the Georgian War Through the Distorting Lens of Aggression, 49 STANFORD JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 176 (2013). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

A Kind of Judgment: Searching for Judicial Narratives after Death, 42 GEORGE WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW 279 (2011). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Discursive Democracy and the Challenge of State Building in Divided Societies: Reckoning with Symbolic Capital in Bosnia and Herzegovina (with Robert L. Ivie), 38 NATIONALITIES PAPERS 449 (2010). [SSRN]

“The Momentous Gravity of the State of Things Now Obtaining”: Annoying Westphalian Objections to the Idea of Global Governance, 16 INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES 25 (2009). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

The Blessing of Departure: Acceptable and Unacceptable State Support for Demographic Transformation: The Lieberman Plan to Exchange Populated Territories in Cisjordan, 2 LAW & ETHICS OF HUMAN RIGHTS 221 (2008). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

A Different Departure: A Reply to Shany’s “Redrawing Maps, Manipulating Demographics: On Exchange of Populated Territories and Self-Determination”, 2 LAW & ETHICS OF HUMAN RIGHTS 311 (2008). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Remembering Sudetenland: On the Legal Construction of Ethnic Cleansing, 47 VIRGINIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 63 (2006). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Migrating Towards Minority Status: Shifting European Policy Towards Roma (with Rachel Guglielmo), 43 JOURNAL OF COMMON MARKET STUDIES 763 (2005). [HeinOnline]

Contemplating Failure and Creating Alternatives in the Balkans: Bosnia’s Peoples, Democracy and the Shape of Self-Determination, 29 YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 423 (2004). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Unexploded Bomb: Voice, Silence, and Consequence at the Hague Tribunals: A Legal and Rhetorical Critique, 35 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS 1015 (2003). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Indeterminate Claims: New Challenges to Self-Determination Doctrine in Yugoslavia, 20 SAIS REVIEW 111 (2000); [SSRN] conference version in Serbian by Agency for Local Democracy (Subotica, 2001).

The Naked Land: The Dayton Accords, Property Disputes, and Bosnia’s Real Constitution, 40 HARVARD INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 517 (1999). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Return from Exile, Return to Politics: Leadership, Political Mobilization and National Identity among the Crimean Tatars, 44 THE UKRAINIAN REVIEW 42 (1997).

“Two Souls to Struggle with....”: The Failing Implementation of Hungary’s New Minorities Law and Discrimination Against Gypsies (with Rachel Guglielmo), 9 HARVARD HUMAN RIGHTS JOURNAL 297 (1996). [HeinOnline] Reprinted in J. Micgiel, (Ed.), STATE AND NATION BUILDING IN EAST CENTRAL EUROPE (1996).

Kings without Countries: Problems in the Formation of a Gypsy National Identity, 6 JOURNAL OF PUBLIC AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 24 (1995).

Book Chapters

The Ad Hoc Tribunals: Images, Origins, Pathways, Legacies, in INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW IN CONTEXT (Philipp Kastner, ed.). Routledge, 2017.

Hidden Legitimacy: Crafting Judicial Narratives in the Shadow of Secrecy at a War Crimes Tribunal: A Speculation. in THE LEGITIMACY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS (N. Hayashi and C.M. Baillet, Eds.). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Shifting States: Secession and Self-Determination as Subsidiarity, in PERCORSI COSTITUZIONALI 3/2014. Rome: Fondazione Magna Carta, 2014. 

Assuming Bosnia: Taking the Polity Seriously in Ethnically Divided Societies, in DECONSTRUCTING THE RECONSTRUCTION: HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE RULE OF LAW IN POSTWAR BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Dina Francesca Haynes, Ed.). Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2008.

Overview: Design and Reform of Public Prosecution Services, in PROMOTING PROSECUTORIAL ACCOUNTABILITY, INDEPENDENCE AND EFFECTIVENESS: COMPARATIVE RESEARCH (Timothy William Waters and Belinda Cooper, Eds.) Sofia, Bulgaria: Open Society Institute Sofia, 2008.

Reconsidering Dhimmah as a Model for Regulating Minorities, with Some Implications for Human Rights, in THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS (M. Modjandeh, Ed.). Mofid University, 2007.

Group Thinking: Antique Models of Community for Modern Religious Rights Regimes, in THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS PAPERS (Mofid University, 2006).

Overview in MONITORING THE EU ACCESSION PROCESS: JUDICIAL CAPACITY (T.W. Waters and H. Mickevičius, Eds.), New York: Open Society Institute, 2002.

Judicial Independence in the EU Accession Process in  MONITORING THE EU ACCESSION PROCESS: JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE (T.W. Waters and H. Mickevičius, Eds.), New York: Open Society Institute, 2001.

Book Reviews

Book Review. The Undignified Part of Constitutional AnalysisGábor Attila Tóth, Constitution for a Disunited Nation: On Hungary's 2011 Fundamental Law. 10 EUROPEAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW REVIEW 365 (2014). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Wilson, Richard, Writing History in International Criminal Trials, 35 POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY REVIEW 347 (2012).

Book Review. Swart, B., Zahar, A. and Sluiter, G. (Eds.), The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia55 GERMAN YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 727 (2012). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Killing Globally, Punishing Locally?: The Still-Unmapped Ecology of Atrocity, Drumbl, M., Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law, 55 BUFFALO LAW REVIEW 1331 (2008). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Editorials & Commentaries

To Support Hong Kong's Freedom, Remember America's Revolution, THE HILL (Jul. 2, 2020).

We Will Do Anything to Prevent School Shootings --- Except the One Thing that Would WorkLOS ANGELES TIMES (May 23, 2018).

We Don't Need the 2nd Amendment -- We Need a Real Debate about GunsLOS ANGELES TIMES (Oct. 13, 2017).

Californians Should Have the Right to Vote for Calexit, LOS ANGELES TIMES (Nov. 16, 2016).

Coups Have Consequences -- Including Making More Room for IslamLOS ANGELES TIMES (July 24, 2016).

The Little Genocide: A Karadzic Conviction in The Hague That Will Satisfy No OneLOS ANGELES TIMES (Mar. 25, 2016).

A Modest Proposal to End Death in the Mediterranean, NEW YORK TIMES (Oct. 23, 2016).

Yezidis vs. ISIS at the ICC: Why the Fight for Genocide Charges Is an Uphill Battle, FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Mar. 29, 2016).

Adrift, Permanently: When It Comes to Refugees, the Crisis is NormalCSRES FORUM (IU Consortium for the Study of Religion, Ethics and Society), (Nov. 19, 2015).

People's Court? The Palestinian Authority Joins the ICC, FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Mar. 31, 2015).

Why "They" Left, and Why We" Fought, JACKSON CLARION-LEDGER (July 11, 2015).

How to Handle Secession: What Spain Can Learn from Scotland's ReferendumNEW YORK TIMES (Sept. 23, 2014).

The Kurdish Option: An Independent State for the Kurds, an Ally for the U.S. in IraqLOS ANGELES TIMES (July 7, 2014).

Libya's Home Court Advantage, FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Oct. 2, 2013).

Never Again to Genocide Trials, PROJECT SYNDICATE (July 27, 2012).

Let Tripoli Try Saif al-Islam, FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Dec. 9, 2011).

The US Veto over Palestine's UN MembershipOPENDEMOCRACY (Sept. 26, 2011).

No One Left to Blame, FOREIGN POLICY (Nov. 11, 2009).

Kosovo as Precedent and Pretext: New Debates and Old Lessons, JURIST: ACADEMIC COMMENTARY (February 18, 2008).

Kosovo: The Day After, OPENDEMOCRACY (February 18, 2008).

A Separate Peace, NEW YORK TIMES (February 1, 2007). Reprinted as The Wrong Solution, INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (February 1, 2007).

Guilty of Fighting a War, NEW YORK TIMES (August 12, 2006). Reprinted in INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (August 13, 2006).

What Now for War Trials after Milosevic?, 98 no. 76 CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR (March 16, 2006).

Why Insist on the Surrender of Ratko Mladic?, NEW YORK TIMES (May 12, 2006). Reprinted as Why Insist on Mladic’s arrest?, INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (May 12, 2006).

Judges for a New Order: The Case for Continued Monitoring after MembershipEURACTIV.COM (Nov. 2002).

Blog Posts

The Conversation -- The Conversation: Academic rigor, journalistic flair "is a nonprofit, independent news organization dedicated to unlocking the knowledge of experts for the public good. We publish trustworthy and informative articles written by academic experts for the general public and edited by our team of journalists." (About)

Bosnia's Endless Crisis Could be Solved by Letting it Break Apart Peacefully (Dec. 9, 2021).  

Völkerrechtsblog -- Völkerrechtsblog (international law blog) is a project of the Working Group of Young Scholars in Public International Law.

Letting Go of Territorial Integrity: Getting Realism and Ideals Right on Ukraine (June 16, 2014).

International Law's Rule of Five: Russia, Ukraine, and the Dark Side of Polycentrism (June 6, 2014).

Polycentrism's Playground: Ukraine and Russia's Implausible Deniability (June 4, 2014).

EJIL Talk! -- EJIL Talk! is the blog of the European Journal of International Law

Let His People Go: Sudan's Lesson on Secession (Jan. 24, 2011).

Are the U.S. Attacks in Pakistan an Armed Attack on Pakistan? A Rejoinder (Oct. 1, 2009).

The United States Use of Drones in Pakistan (participant) (Sept. 29, 2009).

New York Times Blogs

Seeking Justice Decades Later: Hear the Victims' Voices (Feb. 4, 2009).

Russia-Georgia: The Separatist Regions, the Western Response (Aug. 29, 2008).

Karadzic on Trial (July 24, 2008).