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Robert L. Fischman

Faculty bibliography for Professor Fischman


Robert L. Fischman

George P. Smith, II Distinguished Professor of Law, Adjunct Professor of Public and Environmental Affairs 


COGGINS AND WILKINSON'S FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW, 8th Ed. (with John D. Leshy and Sarah A. Krakoff.). New York: Foundation Press, 2022.

FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW, 7th Ed. (with George C. Coggins, et al.). New York: Foundation Press, 2014.

FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW: TEACHER'S MANUAL, 7th Ed (with G. C. Coggins, et al.). New York: Foundation Press, 2014.

FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW, 6th Ed. (with George Cameron Coggins, et al.). New York: Foundation Press, 2007.

FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW: TEACHER'S MANUAL, 6th Ed (with G. C. Coggins, et al.). New York: Foundation Press, 2007.


ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONMAKING, 3rd ed. (with Mark Squillace). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 2000.

ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONMAKING: STATUTES AND REGULATIONS, 3rd ed. (with Mark Squillace and Jackson B. Battle). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 2000.

ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONMAKING: NEPA AND THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT, 2nd ed. (1997 Supplement). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 1997.

AN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ANTHOLOGY (with Maxine Lipeles and Mark Squillace). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 1996.

INDIANA’S BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR CONSERVATION (with Jessica Bennett, et al.). Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute, 1995.

ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONMAKING: NEPA AND THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT, 2nd ed. (with Jackson B. Battle and Mark Squillace). Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing, 1994.



Collaborative Governance Under the Endangered Species Act: An Empirical Analysis of Protective Regulations (with Mathew Castelli & Vicky Meretsky), 38 YALE JOURNAL ON REGULATION 976 (2021). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Letting Go of Stability: Resilience and Environmental Law94 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 689 (2019). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Bounding Forward, THE ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM 25 (Sep/Oct 2019). 

Empirical Environmental Scholarship (with Lydia Barbash-Riley), 44 ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY 767 (2018). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

State Imperiled Species Legislation (with Vicky J. Meretsky,, 48 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 81 (2018). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

An Evaluation of U.S. National Wildlife Refuge Planning for Off-Road Vehicle Use  (with Vicky J. Meretsky,, 8 JOURNAL OF FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT 283 (2017). [SSRN]

Wringing Wonder from the Arid Landscape of Law, 28 COLORADO NATURAL RESOURCES, ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAW REVIEW 177 (2017). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Leveraging Federal Land Plans into Landscape Conversation, 6 JOURNAL OF ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 46 (Winter 2016). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Judging Adaptive Management Practices of U.S. Agencies (with J. B. Ruhl), 29 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 268 (2015). [SSRN]

Lessons from Pollution Control: Response to Heller and Hobbs 2014 (with James Salzman), 29 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 950 (2015).

16 U.S.C. §1, R.I.P.; Reborn, 32 ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM 6 (May/June 2015).

Learning from Conservation Planning for the U.S. National Wildlife Refuges (with Vicky J. Meretsky), 28 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 1415 (2014). [SSRN]

Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change: Lessons from the US National Wildlife Refuge System (with Vicky J. Meretsky, et. al.), 64 BIOSCIENCE 993 (2014). [SSRN]

Beyond Trust Species: The Conservation Potential of the National Wildlife Refuge System in the Wake of Climate Change (with Bob Adamcik), 51 NATURAL RESOURCES JOURNAL 1 (2011). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Migration Conservation: A View from Above, 41 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 277 (2011). [SSRN]

The Story of Kleppe v. New Mexico: The Sagebrush Rebellion as Un-Cooperative Federalism (with Jeremiah Williamson), 83 UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO LAW REVIEW 123 (2011). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Adaptive Management in the Courts (with J.B. Ruhl), 95 MINNESOTA LAW REVIEW 424 (2010). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]. Reprinted in 2011 no. 4 REVISTA FORUMUL JUDECATORILOR 47 (2011). [HeinOnline]

The Legal Challenge of Protecting Animal Migrations as Phenomena of Abundance (with Jeffery B. Hyman), 28 VIRGINIA ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL 173 (2010). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Climate Change Adaptation for the U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System (with Brad Griffith, et al.), 44 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 1043 (2009). [SSRN]

The Divides of Environmental Law and the Problem of Harm in the Endangered Species Act, 83 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 661 (2008). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Missing Information: The Scientific Data Gap in Conservation and Chemical Regulation (with John S. Applegate), 83 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 399 (2008). [HeinOnline]

Protecting Public Health and the Environment by the Stroke of a Presidential Pen: Seven Executive Orders for the President's First 100 Days (with Rebecca M. Bratspies, et al.), CENTER FOR FOR PROGRESSIVE REFORM White Paper #806 (November 2008). Portion reprinted in CLIMATE CHANGE: A READER (W.H. Rodgers, Jr. et al. eds.) Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press (2011).

From Words to Action: The Impact and Legal Status of the 2006 National Wildlife Refuge System Management Policies, 26 STANFORD ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL 77 (2007). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Judicial Review of Agency Noncompliance with Public Land Manuals, 32 ADMINISTRATIVE AND REGULATORY LAW NEWS 13 (Spring 2007).

Reflections on the Tenth Anniversary of the Refuge Improvement Act: The Centrality of the Mission, 4 REFUGE UPDATE 12 (Sept./Oct. 2007).

Savings Clauses and Trends in Natural Resources Federalism (with Angela M. King), 32 WILLIAM & MARY ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY REVIEW 129 (2007). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

What Is Natural Resources Law?, 78 UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO LAW REVIEW 717 (2007). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Habitat Federalism, 38 THE URBAN LAWYER 1031 (2006). [HeinOnline]

New Directions in Conservation for the National Wildlife Refuge System (with Vicky J. Meretsky, et al.), 56 BIOSCIENCE 135 (2006).

The Perils of Defensive Conservation, 4 FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY & THE ENVIRONMENT 3 (2006).

Cooperative Federalism and Natural Resources Law, 14 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL 179 (2005) [HeinOnline][ SSRN]. Reprinted in part in FEDERAL PUBLIC LAND AND RESOURCES LAW, 6th Ed. (with George Cameron Coggins, et al.). New York: Foundation Press, 2007. Also reprinted in part in ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY LAW, 5th Ed., (Rosenberg et. al.), New York: Foundation Press, 2008.

Arctic Refuge Drilling Debate Misses the Big Picture, GRIST (April 13, 2005).

The Significance of National Wildlife Refuges in the Development of U.S. Conservation Policy, 21 JOURNAL OF LAND USE & ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 1 (2005). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Managing Biological Integrity, Diversity, and Environmental Health in the National Wildlife Refuges (with Vicky J. Meretsky), 44 NATURAL RESOURCES JOURNAL 931 (2004). [HeinOnline]

The Meanings of Biological Integrity, Diversity, and Environmental Health, 44 NATURAL RESOURCES JOURNAL 989 (2004). [SSRN] [HeinOnline] Reprinted in BIO-DIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION: INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES (A. Usha, Ed.). Punjagutta, India: Amicus Books, 2007.

Predictions and Prescriptions for the Endangered Species Act, 34 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 451 (2004). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

The Crazy-Quilt Refuge System, WILD EARTH 36 (Winter 2003-2004). (Modified excerpt from book).

The National Wildlife Refuge System and the Hallmarks of Modern Organic Legislation, 29 ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY 457 (2002) [HeinOnline] [SSRN]. Reprinted at 35 LAND USE AND ENVIRONMENT LAW REVIEW 483 (2004).

Stumbling to Johannesburg: The United States’ Haphazard Progress Toward Sustainable Forestry Law, 32 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW REPORTER 10291 (2002). [SSRN]

A Lesson for Conservation from Pollution Control Law: Cooperative Federalism for Recovery Under the Endangered Species Act (with J. Hall-Rivera), 27 COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 45 (2002). [HeinOnline]

Endangered Species Information: Access and Control (with V.J. Meretsky), 41 WASHBURN LAW JOURNAL 90 (2001).

The EPA’s NEPA Duties and Ecosystem Services, 20 STANFORD ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL 497 (2001).

Information, Coordination, Modification in the Endangered Species Act at 25: What Works?, 15 ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM 51 (September/October 1998).

The Problem of Statutory Detail in National Park Establishment Legislation and Its Relationship to Pollution Control Law, 74 DENVER UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 779 (1997). [HeinOnline]

The Role of Riparian Water Law in Protecting Biodiversity: An Indiana (USA) Case Study, 17 NATURAL AREAS JOURNAL 30 (1997).

Administrative Appeal Reform: The Case of the Forest Service (with B. Bobertz), 64 UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO LAW REVIEW 371 (1993). [HeinOnline]

Biological Diversity and Environmental Protection: Authorities to Reduce Risk, 22 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 435 (1992). [HeinOnline]

Clear the Air, 22 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 1104 (1992). [HeinOnline]

Endangered Species Conservation: What Should We Expect of Federal Agencies?, 13 PUBLIC LAND LAW REVIEW 1 (1992). [HeinOnline]

Global Warming and Property Interests: Preserving Coastal Wetlands As Sea Levels Rise, 19 HOFSTRA LAW REVIEW 565 (1991). [HeinOnline]

The ESA Already Is a Balancing Act, 7 ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM 31 (July/August 1990).

A Program Lovely As a Tree, 7 ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM 6 (March/April 1990).

Corporatisation: Implementing Forest Management Reform in New Zealand (with R. Nagle), 16 ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY 719 (1989). [HeinOnline]

Note. The BFOQ Defense in ADEA Suits: The Scope of “Duties of the Job”, 85 MICHIGAN LAW REVIEW 330 (1986). [HeinOnline]

Book Chapters

Federal Public Lands Policy and the Climate Crisis (with Christine A. Klein, Daniel J. Rohlf, & Sandra B. Zellmer) in CLIMATE, ENERGY, JUSTICE: THE POLICY PATH TO A JUST TRANSITION FOR AN ENERGY-HUNGRY AMERICA, Center for Progressive Reform, 2020.

Forestry (with Federico Cheever and Robert B. McKinstry, Jr.), in LEGAL PATHWAYS TO DEEP DECARBONIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES: A PREVIEW (Michael B. Gerrard and John C. Dernbach, Eds.). St. Paul, MN: West Academic/Environmental Law Institute, 2019.

Adaptive Management (with Jillian R. Rountree), in THE LAW OF ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: U.S. AND INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS (Michael B. Gerrard and Katrina Fischer Kuh, Eds.). Chicago : American Bar Association, Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, 2012.

National Wildlife Refuge System, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (Kathleen Brosnan Ed.). New York: Facts on File, 2011.

The Federalism Dynamic in Natural Resources Law, in THE EVOLUTION OF NATURAL RESOURCES LAW AND POLICY (L. J. MacDonnell and S. F. Bates, Eds.). Chicago: American Bar Association, Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, 2010.

National Wildlife Refuges (with J. Michael Scott and Brad Griffith, et al.), in PRELIMINARY REVIEW OF ADAPTION OPTIONS FOR CLIMATE-SENSITIVE ECOSYSTEMS AND RESOURCES (S.H. Julius and J.M. West, Eds.) Washington DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2008.

Laws Governing Forestry, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS (online resource). UNESCO, 2005.

Law-Biological Conservation, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (Shepard Krech III, et al., Eds.). New York: Routledge, 2004.

Forestry, in STUMBLING TOWARD SUSTAINABILITY (John C. Dernbach, Ed.). Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute, 2002.

Maryland Chesapeake Bay Critical Areas Program: Wetlands Protection and Future Growth (with E. Meyers and A. Marsh), in COLLABORATIVE PLANNING FOR WETLANDS AND WILDLIFE: ISSUES AND EXAMPLES. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1995.

Editorials & Commentaries

Reversing Trump's Rules Not Enough to Prevent Extinctions, THE HILL (June 23, 2021).

Ceding Land to the States Is Short-Sighted Economically: Historically and Legally Wrong (with Vicky J. Meretsky). CHICAGO TRIBUNE (May 22, 2014). (also printed in 34 other McClatchy News Corp. outlets).

A Win on Keystone Could Easily Turn into a Loss for Environmentalists, CLEVELAND PLAIN DEALER (Dec. 4, 2011). (also printed in 26 other McClatchy News Corp. outlets).