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Daniel O. Conkle


Daniel O. Conkle

Robert H. McKinney Professor of Law Emeritus and Adjunct Professor of Religious Studies



CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: THE RELIGION CLAUSES, 2nd Ed. New York: Foundation Press, 2009. [SSRN]

RELIGION, LAW, AND THE CONSTITUTION. St. Paul, MN: Foundation Press, 2016.

RELIGION, LAW, AND THE CONSTITUTION, 2nd Ed. St. Paul, MN: Foundation Press, 2022. [SSRN]


Note. Representation Under the Ohio Public Defender Act, 38 OHIO STATE LAW JOURNAL 855 (1977). [HeinOnline]

Comment. Assumption of Risk in a Comparative Negligence System—Doctrinal, Practical and Policy Issues, 39 OHIO STATE LAW JOURNAL 364 (1978). [HeinOnline]

Comparative Negligence Versus the Constitutional Guarantee of Equal Protection: A Hypothetical Judicial Decision (with Claude R. Sowle), 1979 DUKE LAW JOURNAL 1083 (1979). [HeinOnline]

The Legitimacy of Judicial Review in Individual Rights Cases: Michael Perry’s Constitutional Theory and Beyond, 69 MINNESOTA LAW REVIEW 587 (1985). [HeinOnline]

Nonoriginalist Constitutional Rights and the Problem of Judicial Finality, 13 HASTINGS CONSTITUTIONAL LAW QUARTERLY 9 (1985). [HeinOnline]

A “Conservative” Judge and the First Amendment: Judicial Restraint and Freedom of Expression, 74 GEORGETOWN LAW JOURNAL 1585 (1986). [HeinOnline]

The Second Death of Substantive Due Process, 62 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 215 (1987). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Toward a General Theory of the Establishment Clause, 82 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 1113 (1988) [HeinOnline] [SSRN]. Reprinted in THE ESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGION CLAUSE: THE FIRST AMENDMENT: ITS CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY AND THE CONTEMPORARY DEBATE (Alan Brownstein, Ed.). Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2008.

Canada’s Roe: The Canadian Abortion Decision and Its Implications for American Constitutional Law and Theory, 6 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 299 (1989). [HeinOnline]

Compromising on Abortion, 8 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 353 (1991). [HeinOnline]

Religious Purpose, Inerrancy, and the Establishment Clause, 67 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 1 (1991). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Does the United States Need an Establishment Clause?: God Loveth Adverbs, 42 DEPAUL LAW REVIEW 339 (1992). [HeinOnline]

Harm, Morality, and Feminist Religion: Canada’s New—But Not So New—Approach to Obscenity, 10 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 105 (1993). [HeinOnline]

Lemon Lives, 43 CASE WESTERN RESERVE LAW REVIEW 865 (1993). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

The New First Amendment and its Impact on the Second, 68 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 679 (1993). [HeinOnline]

Different Religions, Different Politics: Evaluating the Role of Competing Religious Traditions in American Politics and Law, 10 JOURNAL OF LAW AND RELIGION 1 (1993/94). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

The Indiana Supreme Court’s Emerging Free Speech Doctrine, 69 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 857 (1994). [HeinOnline]

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: The Constitutional Significance of an Unconstitutional Statute, 56 MONTANA LAW REVIEW 39 (1995). [HeinOnline] [SSRN

Secular Fundamentalism, Religious Fundamentalism, and the Search for Truth in Contemporary America, 12 JOURNAL OF LAW AND RELIGION 337 (1996) [HeinOnline] [SSRN]. Republished in LAW AND RELIGION: A CRITICAL ANTHOLOGY (Stephen M. Feldman, Ed.). New York: NYU Press, 2000.

Congressional Alternatives in the Wake of City of Boerne v. Flores: The (Limited) Role of Congress in Protecting Religious Freedom from State and Local Infringement, 20 UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS AT LITTLE ROCK LAW JOURNAL 633 (1998). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Professing Professionals: Christian Pilots on the River of Law, 38 CATHOLIC LAWYER 151 (1998). [HeinOnline]. Reprinted in RELIGION, MORALITY AND THE PROFESSIONS IN AMERICA, Bloomington, IN: Poynter Center, Indiana University, 1999.

Religiously Devout Judges: Issues of Personal Integrity and Public Benefit, 81 MARQUETTE LAW REVIEW 523 (1998). [HeinOnline]

Free Exercise, Federalism, and the States as Laboratories, 21 CARDOZO LAW REVIEW 493 (1999). [HeinOnline]

The Path of American Religious Liberty: From the Original Theology to Formal Neutrality and an Uncertain Future, 75 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 1 (2000). [HeinOnline] [SSRN

The Free Exercise Clause: How Redundant, and Why?, 33 LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO LAW JOURNAL 95 (2001). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Religion, Politics, and the 2000 Presidential Election: A Selective Survey and Tentative Appraisal, 77 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 247 (2002). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Religious Expression and Symbolism in the American Constitutional Tradition: Governmental Neutrality, But Not Indifference, 13 INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES 417 (2006). [HeinOnline]

Three Theories of Substantive Due Process, 85 NORTH CAROLINA LAW REVIEW 63 (2006). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

The Establishment Clause and Religious Expression in Governmental Settings: Four Variables in Search of a Standard, 110 WEST VIRGINIA LAW REVIEW 315 (2007). [HeinOnline] [SSRN

Judicial Activism and Fourteenth Amendment Privacy Claims: The Allure of Originalism and the Unappreciated Promise of Constrained Nonoriginalism, 14 NEXUS: A JOURNAL OF OPINION 31 (2009). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Patrick L. Baude: Colleague, Mentor, and Friend, 86 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL ix (2011). [HeinOnline]

Religious Truth, Pluralism, and Secularization: The Shaking Foundations of American Religious Liberty, 32 CARDOZO LAW REVIEW 1755 (2011). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

Evolving Values, Animus, and Same-Sex Marriage, 89 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 27 (2014). [HeinOnline] [SSRN

Animus and Its Alternatives: Constitutional Principle and Judicial Prudence, 48 STETSON LAW REVIEW 195 (2019). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

Human Rights, Constitutional Rights, and Judicial Review: Comparing and Assessing Michael Perry's Early and Contemporary Arguments, 71 EMORY LAW JOURNAL 1365 (2022). [HeinOnline] [SSRN]

​Book Chapters

Establishment Clause, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION: SUPPLEMENT 1 (Leonard Williams Levy and Kenneth L. Karst, Eds.). New York: Macmillan, 1992. Reprinted in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION, SECOND EDITION (Leonard Williams Levy and Kenneth L. Karst, Eds.). New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000.

Religious Freedom Restoration Act, in CIVIL RIGHTS IN THE UNITED STATES (Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan, Eds.). New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000.

Religious Freedom Restoration Act, in CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN RELIGION (Wade Clark Roof, et al., Eds.). New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000.

Wallace v. Jaffree, Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind, and Zorach v. Clauson, in RELIGION AND AMERICAN LAW: AN ENCYCLOPEDIA (Paul Finkelman, Ed.). New York: Garland Publishing, 2000.

Free Exercise Clause, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (Catharine Cookson, et al., Eds.). New York: Routledge, 2003.

Expression et Symbolisme Religieux dans la Tradition Constitutionelle Americaine: Neutralite de l’Etat, Mais Pas Indifference, in LA CONCEPTION AMERICAINE DE LA LAICITE (Elisabeth Zoller, Ed.). Paris: Dalloz, 2005.

Indirect Funding and the Establishment Clause: Rehnquist’s Triumphant Vision of Neutrality and Private Choice, [SSRN] in THE REHNQUIST LEGACY (Craig Bradley, Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Moment of Silence StatutesWallace v. Jaffree, and Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES (Paul Finkelman, Ed.). New York: Routledge, 2006.

Religion, Government, and Law in the Contemporary United States, in THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF RELIGIONS IN AMERICA (Stephen J. Stein, Ed.). Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Equality, Animus, and Expressive and Religious Freedom Under the American Constitution: Masterpiece Cakeshop and Beyond, in Les mutations de la liberté d'expression en droit français et étranger (Gilles J. Guglielmi, ed.). Paris: Panthéon-Assas editions, 2021.

Book Reviews

Book Review. Engdahl, D.E., Constitutional Federalism in a Nutshell, 2nd ed., 5 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 214 (1988). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Schwartz,B., Behind Bakke: Affirmative Action and the Supreme Court, 6 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 533 (1989).[HeinOnline]

Book Review. Gedicks,F.M. and R. Hendrix, Choosing the Dream: The Future of Religion in American Public Life, 35 JOURNAL OF CHURCH AND STATE 156 (1993).

Book Review. Kahn, P.W., Legitimacy and History: Self-Government in American Constitutional Theory, 11 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 247 (1994). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Combating SLAPPS: Absolutism is Not the AnswerCanan, P. and G.W. Pring, SLAPPs: Getting Sued for Speaking Out, 49 FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAW JOURNAL 761 (1997). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Griffin, S.M., American Constitutionalism: From Theory to Politics, 14 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY 209 (1997). [HeinOnline]

Book Review. Hitchcock, J. The Supreme Court and Religion in American Life, 92 CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW 691 (2006).

Book Review. Murray, B.T., Religious Liberty in America: The First Amendment in Historical and Contemporary Perspective, 95 CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW 635 (2009). 

Book Review. Tinder, Glenn, Liberty: Rethinking an Imperiled Ideal24 JOURNAL OF LAW AND RELIGION 717 (2009). [HeinOnline

Editorials & Commentaries 

Health Care and Constitutional ArmageddonPOLITICO (March 21, 2012).

Why Indiana Needs "Religious Freedom" LegislationINDIANAPOLIS STAR (Mar. 7, 2015).